The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six main organs of the United Nations. ECOSOC is comprised of 54 member states which are elected by the UN General Assembly for three years at a time for overlapping terms, and seats on the Council are given based on geographical representation. Under the UN Charter, ECOSOC is responsible for “promoting higher standards of living, full employment, and economic and social progress; identifying solutions to international economic, social and health problems; facilitating international cultural and educational cooperation; and encouraging universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.”

ECOSOC structures its work around the theme of sustainable development, as it is the central part of the UN system to the further three aspects of sustainable development, which are economic, social, and environmental. The Council also helps to coordinate efforts to achieve internationally agreed upon goals, and is also in charge of ensuring the follow-up to major UN conferences and summits.

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